Reuters reported that exemptions had been granted to Iran by January 16, 2016. The stated purpose of these exemptions was to facilitate sanctions and other benefits by then, rather than being violated by Iran. The exceptions are redefined: a) Iran is able to exceed 300 kg of 3.5% URE in the agreement; b) Iran is able to exceed the zero kg of URE in the agreement; (c) Iran continues to operate 19 „hot cells“ that exceed the size of the agreement; (d) Iran retains control of 50-tonne water that exceeds the agreement`s 130-tonne limit by storing the surplus at an Iranian-controlled facility in Oman;  In December 2016, the IAEA issued joint commission decisions out of the JCPOA.  Instead of two-thirds of the Senate having to accept an agreement, two-thirds of the Senate and house of representatives did not have to agree that it would not come into force. Nothing was illegal. As conservative jurist Jack Goldsmith wrote, the government has assembled „the presidential authority to lift national sanctions, its authority to enter into political agreements, and its authority to vote for the United States in the Security Council, to ensure that the Iran agreement is maintained if the super-majorities of Congress do not reject it.“ In a letter recently published by MP Mike Pompeo (R-KS), the Ministry of Foreign Affairs stressed that the Agreement on Iran – the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) – was not binding under international law. The letter was an answer to Pompeo`s question about why the JCPOA, sent to Congress, had no signatures. The State Department explained in part that, in the same letter, Obama explained the possible unilateral and multilateral non-military reactions that Iran should violate if Iran violates the agreement, but the president said, „Ultimately, it is important to keep the flexibility to decide what reactive measures we and our allies deem appropriate for any non-compliance.“  Flexibility meant that Obama had previously opposed the establishment of „sanctions for minor violations of the agreement.“  Although this topic is not new, he received a number of enhanced exams after several Republican presidential candidates praised rejecting the deal in the event of an election. Marco Rubio, for example, said so in September. Before that agreement, Iran`s eruption period — or the time it would have taken Iran to collect enough fissile material to make a weapon — only two or three months.